12th week of pregnancy And pregnancy symptoms

12th week of pregnancy

What you need to know about the 12th week

The symptoms of the early weeks of pregnancy usually come on and gradually subside. The first trimester of your pregnancy ends in the 12th week.

During this time you may have problems with piles and constipation or tanning . This may not be the case for everyone, but it is very common and it can cause physical discomfort to pregnant mothers. To avoid this constipation you need to eat more fibrous foods and drink plenty of water. Requires regular light exercise. 

Abdominal pain or abdominal cramps can often be felt during pregnancy This is not something to worry about. This may be due to constipation, bloating or tightening of the ligaments as the abdomen grows larger. 

If you have persistent abdominal pain, or severe pain, or with bleeding and other symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor without delay.

Things to keep in mind:

Make sure you follow the advice you should follow to stay healthy during pregnancy, such as healthy eating, regular exercise, smoking cessation, etc.  

Your doctor may recommend an ultrasound scan between the 7th and 11th week of pregnancy. If there are multiple / twin babies in the womb, it will be known through this scan. The scan will also look at the size and growth of the fetus and calculate the probable date of your delivery accordingly. 

During this time it is recommended to perform an antenatal screening test, which may include anomaly scan and some blood tests. This screening test detects if the fetus has any health problems or birth defects. In these cases the doctor will be able to inform you about the necessary measures to solve the problem 

You can also decide where to deliver the baby from now on, to your advantage. When determining the place of delivery, keep in mind the economic and social status of you and your family, the distance from the place of residence and where the best service will be ensured.

How the fetus is growing

In the 12th week of pregnancy, i.e. 12 weeks after your last menstrual period, the body structure of the fetus (this embryo grows in your womb and later becomes a full grown baby) is fully formed; Now the embryo is about 5.4 centimeters or 2 inches in length and weighs about 18 grams. 

In the meantime, the placenta is fully formed and takes over the responsibility of supplying nutrients to the fetus. All the organs, muscles, limbs and bones of the body move. The genitals are also almost formed, although it is still not possible to understand whether the child is a boy or a girl.

From 12 weeks onwards, the baby starts to grow bigger and bigger The soft bones or cartilage of the body all gradually turn into strong bones. 

During this time the baby can make light movements inside the womb, but the mother does not understand the movement of the fetus so quickly. At 18-24 weeks of gestation, a mother usually feels this movement for the first time. However, those who are becoming mothers for the first time, usually do not understand this movement before 20 weeks.

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