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16th week of pregnancy And pregnancy symptoms

16th week of pregnancy

What you need to know about the 16th week

Mothers usually feel much better during this time than during the first 3 months of pregnancy. Even then, some health problems persist, especially constipation, which can occur at any time during pregnancy. So try to eat plenty of water and fiber rich foods regularly. At the same time try to keep the habit of light exercise

Common symptoms this week are: 

  • Swelling or bleeding gums,
  • Feeling of tightness or pain in the muscles around the abdomen as it grows,
  • Headaches,
  • In some cases, mild bleeding from the nose, 
  • Flatulence and constipation,
  • Indigestion and heartburn,
  • Chest pain when pressed,
  • Leg pain,
  • Feeling uncomfortable or short of breath in mild or slightly hot weather,
  • Dizziness,
  • Watery or swollen limbs,
  • Inflammation or infection of the urinary tract,
  • Vaginal infections 
  • Spots on the skin of the face or other parts of the body
  • In many cases, the hair on the head becomes thicker and blacker than before.

Also some of the symptoms of the past weeks may remain this week, such as morning sickness, mood swings, etc.

Things to keep in mind: 

It is very important to follow a healthy diet during pregnancy. Follow the advice of your doctor, health worker at the nearest health center or a nutritionist to know the details about this.

The risk of various infections is greatly increased during pregnancy. At this time, your doctor may suggest some blood tests to find out if you have hepatitis B, AIDS, syphilis or any other infection. You may also need to have your urine tested.

How the fetus is growing

By 18 weeks the baby is about 11.6 centimeters, or a little over four and a half inches tall, roughly the size of a medium to large guava. At this time its weight is about 100 grams. 

From this week on, the baby begins to move its facial muscles. In this way his first facial expression, that is, the facial muscles, begins to express feelings. However, the child cannot control this expression on its own right now. 

At the same time, the child’s nervous system (which is basically related to the senses) begins to develop. At this stage the child can also bend the muscles of his arms and legs. The child can clench his hands and hold the other hand with one hand.

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Khejur Gur