Back and waist pain is a very familiar problem. In most cases, there is no serious cause for the pain. These problems usually go away on their own. However, in some severe cases, specific treatment is required.
Why back and waist pain?
Ligaments are thread-like tissues that help connect the various bones and joints. In most cases, back pain is caused by sudden tension or pressure on the muscles and ligaments of the body.
Causes of back and lower back pain
Between the bones of the spine are some special discs or discs. When these discs are removed, there is pain in the back and waist. Symptoms may include numbness or tingling in the waist, buttocks and legs, loss of consciousness and weakness.
Sometimes pain can occur without a specific cause. This type of pain occurs even when under stress.
Danger signs of back and waist pain
Any of the following nine symptoms associated with pain can indicate a serious problem:
- Numbness or tingling around the genitals or buttocks, especially around the anus
- Unable to maintain normal urinary-bowel pressure
- Having trouble urinating or stopping urinating
- Weakening from below the waist
- Chest pain
- Sudden weight loss (this could be a sign of cancer)
- Being involved in a serious accident. Such as: road accident
- Swelling or bending anywhere in the back or waist
Treatment of back and lower back pain
Back and lower back pain usually gets better within a few weeks with home remedies. Home remedies for pain reduction include:
1. Daily work: After resting for two-three days, you have to go back to daily work. The pain healed quickly.
2. Exercise: If possible, light exercise should be started every day for 2-3 weeks after the pain subsides. Exercises such as walking, yoga or yoga and swimming can also be done. This strengthens the muscles of the abdomen, back and waist and increases blood circulation. As a result, the pain healed quickly.
3. Bake: Bake hot or cold, you can get temporary relief. It is better to give cold toast for the first two-three days and then hot toast.
For cold baking, you can wrap ice with a towel or thick towel and apply it on the sore spot. If there is no ice in the fridge, packets of frozen vegetables can be used. You can use the same hot water bag for hot baking, but you have to be careful.
4. Painkillers: You can take painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen. You can also use painkiller gels and creams. In that case the instructions inside the packet should be read carefully.
Note that before taking painkillers, make sure that it is safe for you. If in doubt, seek medical advice.
5. Massage and massage: Light massage on the place of pain, that is, gently massaging can bring relief. However, you should refrain from massaging loudly.
. Positive Attitude: Must be mentally strong. Despite the back and waist pain, those who maintain a normal lifestyle with a positive attitude recover faster.
Misconception: If you have back or waist pain, you need to rest or stay in bed rest.
If you have pain, you can rest for the first few days. Then slowly return to normal. You can start exercising slowly after two-three weeks.
If you rest for more than 2–1 days, the pain may increase. The sooner you can start normal activities, the better.
However, keep in mind that heavy work or back and waist bending work cannot be done within six weeks of back and waist pain.
When to go to the doctor
In many cases, back and waist pain subsides within a week. The pain usually goes away within four to six weeks.
Back and lower back pain usually do not require a visit to the doctor. However, a doctor’s advice should be sought in the following areas:
- If there is no improvement even after a few weeks of the onset of pain
- If the work is interrupted due to pain
- If the pain is very severe or increasing day by day
- If you already have back or waist pain due to any disease
- If you are worried about the pain or have trouble coping
The doctor will talk to the patient and perform the necessary tests to determine the exact cause of the pain. Accordingly, he will advise on appropriate medical procedures. In some cases the patient may be asked to consult a specialist.
Back and waist pain does not always require examination. However, if necessary, tests like X-ray, MRI and CT scan may be suggested.
The doctor may recommend taking physiotherapy. It can also teach some free-hand exercises. It is important to follow the doctor’s advice, exercise and take regular medication to recover quickly.
Note that only a small number of patients are considered for surgery. Surgery is usually decided only in cases of back and lower back pain due to certain diseases.
What to do to prevent back and waist pain
Back pain can be easily prevented by following a healthy diet, proper posture and healthy lifestyle.
Healthy eating habits
Some foods are very good for bones. Such as: Calcium, Vitamin D, Vitamin K and various mineral or mineral salty foods. These reduce the risk of back pain, so these nutritious foods should be on our diet regularly. These types of foods include:
- Milk and dairy foods
- Fish and fish thorns
- Proper posture
In many cases back and lumbar pain becomes more pronounced when working or resting in unhealthy postures. So:
Avoid extra hard or soft beds and use beds that support the spine properly. Make it a habit to sleep on a mattress and a thin mattress.
Abandon the habit of lying on your back. Lean to one side while getting out of bed.
Avoid sitting for long periods of time and get up and walk occasionally. Prolonged sitting puts pressure on the lumbar muscles, causing pain.
If you want to sit still, use a wooden or plastic chair instead of a chair with a soft mattress or springs. You can use a folded towel, sheet or small pillow at the back of the waist.
Do not work standing still. If you have to, put one foot on a tool and rest it for a while. Then remove that leg and place the other leg on the tool.
Sit in a chair with your waist straight. When sitting somewhere, sit with your knees slightly above the waist. If necessary, you can use small tools.
Wear comfortable shoes with low heels of 1 inch to prevent back and waist pain. This will put less pressure on the spine while standing.
Walk carefully. If you are not careful while walking, there is a possibility of slipping and getting pain.
If you want to drive for a long time, take a short walk every hour. Move the seat back as much as possible so that the body does not have to be bent to sit on the seat. Avoid lifting heavy objects as soon as you get out of the car.
Use caution when lifting and carrying heavy objects. E.g.
Hold on well with the help of others
Take your legs off. It will be convenient to carry the load
Then place the object as close to the body as possible
Bend the knees without bending the waist forward to bend
When carrying, lean slightly forward. Occasionally work with rest
Never bend the body while lifting or carrying heavy objects
It is possible to prevent back and lower back pain by following a healthy lifestyle. E.g.
Being overweight can increase your risk of back and waist pain. So keep your weight under control.
Stay in regular moderate type of exercise. Such as: brisk walking, running and swimming. This strengthens the muscles and reduces the chances of back and waist pain.
The main source of vitamin D is sunlight. So stay in the sun for some time every day. However, to prevent sunburn and cancer, at least SPF 15 strength sunscreen should be applied on the body before going out in the sun.
Smoking and drinking increase bone loss. So leave these.