Diabetes – Causes and types of diabetes
Diabetes is a disease in which the blood sugar level rises much higher than normal.
A hormone called insulin controls the amount of sugar in your blood. This hormone is made from a gland called pancreas or pancreas located behind the stomach.
When food enters your bloodstream after digestion, this insulin breaks down the sugar (glucose) from the blood into cells and produces energy. But if you have diabetes, your body cannot produce energy by breaking down sugar or glucose.
Causes and types of diabetes
There are two main causes of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
Your body does not have enough insulin to get glucose out of the cells. This is because in type 1 diabetes, the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells.
Type 2 diabetes
The insulin that is made in your body is not working properly. This is seen in type 2 diabetes because it does not produce enough insulin in the body, or even if enough insulin is produced, the body’s cells are not sensitive to that insulin.
The number of patients with type 2 diabetes is much higher than with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is commonly referred to as diabetes.
In addition to these two types, there are other types of diabetes. Of particular note is Gestational Diabetes. In many pregnant women, diabetes is caused when the blood sugar level rises so much during pregnancy that the body does not make enough insulin to control it. You can read our articles on gestational diabetes to know more about it.
Why is it important to control diabetes?
Many people suffer from type 2 diabetes without knowing it. Diabetes is often diagnosed when blood or urine tests are done for a different type of illness or problem.
If someone has diabetes, it needs to be detected quickly, because if diabetes is not caught in time, that is, if it is not treated, it will make the body sicker day by day. Not only that, diabetes increases your risk of other health complications. Many times silently, without any symptoms, some diseases settle in the body which you do not understand. That’s why we recommend regular checkups for diabetics.
To find out more about health complications, read our article on various health complications of diabetes and what you should do .
Many people have slightly higher blood sugar levels than normal, but not so much that they can be called diabetics. This condition is called pre-diabetes.
If your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, your risk of developing diabetes is greatly increased in the future. So take steps now to keep your blood sugar levels within normal range.
By developing a healthy diet and exercise habits in general , you can prevent pre-diabetes from developing diabetes. Some people may need medication in this case, in which case consult a doctor.
Symptoms of diabetes
If the main symptoms of diabetes appear, a doctor should be contacted immediately. These include:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Feeling extra tired
- Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness
- Itching around the genitals, or recurrent thrush (Thrush – fungal / fungal infection)
- It takes a long time for a cut or any other wound to dry
- Blurred vision
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can occur within a few weeks, or even days, and can be severe. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, does not have specific symptoms early on, nor does it cause anxiety in the beginning. As a result, many people go through this disease year after year without realizing it.
Even if you change your lifestyle, it will not be possible to reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes. However, you can control type 2 diabetes by eating a healthy, balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight by keeping your body active through regular exercise.
Living with diabetes
If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you need to control your blood sugar. This requires eating healthy foods , exercising regularly , and having regular blood tests to see if your blood sugar levels are right. Learn more about diabetes checkups .
If you follow these rules, you will be able to control your diabetes for the rest of your life without the help of drugs. If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take regular insulin injections for the rest of your life.
Since type 2 diabetes cannot be controlled with diet and exercise, it may require medication . Treatment is usually started with tablets, after which it may be advisable to use insulin injections if necessary.