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Excessive vomiting or hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy

Excessive vomiting or hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy

About 7 out of every 10 pregnant women experience nausea or vomiting during pregnancy or both at the same time. It is often called ‘Morning Sickness’. It doesn’t matter if it’s just in the morning or not.

In most cases these problems subside or go away within 18 to 20 weeks, but some people may suffer from this problem for a longer period of time.

Many people vomit so much that they vomit out the food they eat and even drink, resulting in severe damage to their normal life. 

This excess nausea and vomiting is called Hyperemesis gravidarum and in that case many need hospital treatment.

If you are unable to keep food in your stomach due to frequent vomiting, contact a doctor or health worker at the nearest health center immediately or go to the hospital as soon as possible. Excessive vomiting increases the risk of dehydration, so proper treatment is needed quickly. 

Symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum

Hyperemesis gravidarum is much more harmful than normal nausea or vomiting during pregnancy. The symptoms are –

  • Prolonged nausea and vomiting,
  • Dehydration Symptoms of dehydration include: feeling excessively thirsty and tired, dizziness or lightheadedness, inability to urinate properly, dark yellow, and foul-smelling urine,
  • Weight loss,
  • Decreased blood pressure while standing.

It may not get better in 18 to 20 weeks like normal sickness or morning sickness. Even if some of the symptoms subside at 20 weeks, the problem may go away until your baby is born.

In case of excessive nausea and vomiting, consult a doctor or health worker at the health center. Getting proper treatment right away will help you to prevent dehydration and weight loss.

Some more problems may cause excessive nausea and vomiting, the doctor will examine you and try to determine the exact cause of your vomiting.

The cause of hyperemesis gravidarum

It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. According to some experts, this is related to the hormonal changes that take place in the body during pregnancy.

Some studies have shown that members of the same family are more prone to the disease. That is, if your mother or sister has hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy, you are also more likely to have this problem.

If you have had hyperemesis gravidarum in a previous pregnancy, it is more likely to occur later, so be prepared for it in advance.

Treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum

There are some medications that can be used to reduce the symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy, even in the first 12 weeks. These include vomiting medications, vitamins and steroids. These can be given separately or together.

Your doctor may try different medications to find the one that works best for you. However , do not take any medicine from the pharmacy without the advice of a doctor.

If nausea and vomiting are not controlled, you may need to be hospitalized so that the doctor can examine you and give you the right treatment to ensure your and your child’s health.

You may need to give saline directly into your veins. If your vomiting is severe, vomiting medication may also be given intravenously or intramuscularly.

What happens once you have hyperemesis gravidarum during pregnancy?

If hyperemesis gravidarum occurs in a previous pregnancy, it can recur in any subsequent pregnancy. If you decide to get pregnant again, it is best to plan ahead so that you can rest well.

You can try to do the things that you have benefited from in the past. You can consult a doctor about whether to take the medicine in advance.

Can it harm your child?

Hyperemesis gravidarum can make you feel very sick, but with proper treatment it can do little harm to your child. However, if you lose weight during pregnancy, your baby may weigh less than normal at birth. 

What other symptoms might there be?

Other symptoms of hyperemesis gravidarum besides nausea or vomiting may be seen, such as:

  • Increased sense of smell,
  • Excess saliva builds up, oh
  • Headache and constipation due to dehydration.

Many people have these symptoms with vomiting. These will go away on their own when the hyperaemia gets better or after the baby is born.

How can you feel at this time? 

This excess nausea and vomiting affects your life at a time when you are expecting your unborn child.

So this problem can affect you physically and mentally. Coping with these symptoms can often be difficult. If left untreated, hyperaemia can lead to many complications, including mental retardation and esophageal sphincter rupture. Severe vomiting can make it difficult for you to carry out your daily activities, such as going to the office or even getting out of bed.

In addition to extreme illness and fatigue, you may have other problems, such as: 

  • Thinking about vomiting on the street can make you anxious to get out or away from home;
  • You may feel lonely, thinking no one understands exactly how you are feeling;
  • You may feel confused or depressed about why this is happening to you;
  • If you continue like this, you may feel uncertain about how you will spend the rest of your pregnancy.

Never hold back any feelings you may have. Talk to your doctor about how you feel and how the disease is affecting your life. If you want, you can talk to your husband, family and friends about it. 

Also, if you have the opportunity to talk to someone who has had hyperemesis gravidarum, you can talk to them.

Remember, hyperemesis gravidarum is much more dangerous than normal pregnancy vomiting. It doesn’t matter if it is because of your work or because of not doing something, and for that you need medical treatment.

Hyperemesis gravidarum and blood clotting problems

Dehydration is caused by hyperemesis, so there is an increased tendency for blood clots (deep vein thrombosis), although this is very rare.

If dehydration occurs and you are unable to move at all, you may need to be treated to prevent blood clots.

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Khejur Gur