Heart Attack sign symptoms and initial treatment for man and women

Heart Attack sign symptoms, causes, recovering and initial treatment both man and women

The heart acts as the center of blood supply in our body. The heart’s own blood supply through the blood vessels must also be maintained uninterrupted in order for the work to proceed smoothly.

When for some reason these own blood vessels of the heart become constricted or if there is a blockage or obstruction inside the blood vessels, the blood flow to the heart is disrupted. This condition is called heart attack. Heart attack is medically called myocardial infarction (MI).

A heart attack is an emergency. If you or someone around you has symptoms of a heart attack, you need to get the patient to the hospital as soon as possible.

If the blood supply to the heart is cut off, it can cause severe damage to the heart muscles. As a result, the patient’s life may be threatened.


Symptoms of a heart attack

Some of the symptoms of a heart attack are:

1. Chest pain: There may be pain in the middle of the chest. It may also feel like something is pressed into the patient’s chest or something is stuck (tightened)

2. Pain in other parts of the body: This pain may seem to be coming from the chest to the hands. Usually there is such pain in the left hand. However, this pain can go to both hands. Pain in the jaw, neck, back and abdomen can occur along with the hands.

3. Dizziness or lightheadedness

4. Sweating of the body

5. Shortness of breath

6. Nausea or vomiting

7.  Extreme anxiety: The patient may experience abnormal restlessness (panic attack) or feel as if he is dying.


Heart Attack Pain Type for Men vs Women

Remember, having a heart attack can cause severe pain in the chest not everyone. In some cases the pain may be as mild or mild as indigestion or gastric pain. Some people do not feel pain at all again. This is especially the case with many female patients.

In these cases, whether the patient is actually having a heart attack is to be determined not by the severity of the chest pain, but by observing the accompanying symptoms.

If you think you are having a heart attack, you should go to the hospital without delay. Even if you have doubts about the symptoms, do not hesitate to seek treatment. Because if the symptoms appear due to any other disease, it is also possible to treat it in the hospital. But in fact, if a heart attack is not treated properly, it can lead to death.



In some cases, a heart attack can cause the heart to stop completely pumping blood. This phenomenon is called cardiac arrest . Symptoms of cardiac arrest include:

*  The patient does not seem to be breathing
*  Stopping all movement of the patient
*  If you talk to the patient or push him hard, there is no response
*  If someone appears to be undergoing cardiac arrest, the patient should be given CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) immediately. At the same time with the help of others the patient should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible.

With CPR you can save the life of a cardiac arrest patient. Watch the video below to learn how you can save a patient’s life with CPR before the ambulance arrives.

The rules for giving CPR are discussed in detail in the article Symptoms of Heart Attack .


Treatment of heart attack

If the patient thinks he is having a heart attack, he should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible. To reduce the pressure on the heart, the patient should be at complete rest before reaching the hospital.

If you have an aspirin (300 mg) tablet at hand and the patient has no allergies to aspirin, they can chew the tablet gently until they reach the hospital.

Aspirin thins the blood and helps increase blood supply to the heart.

Depending on the severity of the heart attack, the right treatment is chosen at the hospital. The two main treatment methods are:

*  Medication to break up clotted blood
*  Surgery to restore the blood supply to the heart


The cause of heart attack

The main cause of heart attack is vascular heart disease or coronary heart disease.

The main blood vessels that supply blood to the heart are called coronary arteries. In coronary heart disease, cholesterol builds up in these arteries, interfering with normal blood flow. These frozen cholesterols are called plaque.

One such cholesterol plaque ruptures before a heart attack. As a result, blood clots there. This coagulated blood interferes with the blood supply to the heart.

Some factors increase the risk of coronary heart disease. E.g.

* To smoke
* High blood pressure
* Excess cholesterol in the blood
* Keeping unhealthy fatty foods in the diet
* Lack of regular physical activity
* Being overweight
* Diabetes
Also, if your father or brother has had a heart attack or stroke before the age of 55 or your mother or sister before the age of 65, your risk of developing coronary heart disease will also increase.


Recovering after a heart attack

How long it takes to heal after a heart attack depends on the extent to which the heart muscles are damaged.

Most patients can return to normal functioning after a heart attack. Some may return to work after 2 weeks. Others may take months to recover. How fast a patient can return to work depends on his health, heart condition and type of work.

Heart Attack sign symptoms, causes, recovering and initial treatment both man and women
Heart Attack sign symptoms, causes, recovering and initial treatment both man and women


The main purpose of the recovery process is:

1. Reducing the risk of recurrent heart attack by combining various healthy lifestyle changes (e.g., healthy and balanced diet) and taking blood cholesterol-lowering drugs (e.g., statin group drugs).

2. Gradually bring the patient back to normal so that the patient can return to normal life. This process is called cardiac rehabilitation.


Health complications after a heart attack

Complications from a heart attack can be serious — even fatal. These complications include:

Arrhythmia: In simple terms, an abnormal heartbeat is called arrhythmia. In a type of arrhythmia, the heart first begins to beat or pump very quickly. Then the heart suddenly starts to contract and the heart stops working completely (cardiac arrest).
Cardiogenic shock: In this case, after a heart attack, the heart muscles become so weak that the heart fails to supply enough blood to continue normal physical activity.
Heart Rapture: This condition can cause the heart muscle, walls or any of the inner valves to rupture or rupture.
These complications can occur shortly after a heart attack. These are the leading causes of death from heart attack. Many of these complications can lead to sudden death before reaching the hospital or within a month of having a heart attack.

The extent to which these complications affect a patient depends on a number of factors. E.g.

As you grow older, your chances of developing serious complications increase
The severity of the complication depends on the severity of the type of heart attack and the extent to which the heart muscle is damaged as a result of the attack.
In addition, the amount of time it takes to start treatment after the onset of symptoms affects the likelihood of complications.


Ways to prevent heart attack

Here are five key ways to prevent a heart attack. Even people who have had a heart attack can reduce their risk of having another heart attack by following these five tips. The ways are:

1. If you have a habit of smoking, you have to give it up.

2. If the body weight is high, it should be reduced .

3. Exercise regularly. Adults should exercise moderately for at least two and a half hours a week. Consult a doctor before you start exercising for the first time.

4. Reduce the amount of fat in the diet and eat more fiber-rich foods, including whole grains (such as boiled rice or red rice and red flour bread). In addition, a lot of fruits and vegetables should be included in the daily food list.

5. If you have a habit of drinking, you have to give it up


You also read more health related article

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  2. Sexual intercourse during pregnancy
  3. How to Give Insulin Injection
  4. Diabetes Sugar Level Test at Home
  5. Exercises for Diabetic Type 2 Patients


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