Hyperglycemia or increased sugar- Sugar Problems And Ways to prevent high blood sugar
Hyperglycemia or increased sugar
Hyperglycemia is an increase in blood sugar. This is a known problem in diabetic patients. Type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes হাই hyperglycemia can occur in patients with any type of diabetes.
Although the terms hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia may seem similar, these two terms carry opposite meanings. If the blood sugar level falls below the minimum normal level , then the condition is called hypoglycemia . Hyperglycemia , on the other hand, is an increase in blood sugar above normal levels .
Hyperglycemia can sometimes occur in people who do not have diabetes, even if they have a history of a particular illness. Some of the special illnesses are: brain stroke, heart attack, or a serious infection.
This article discusses the effects and treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes.
Symptoms of high blood sugar
In patients with diabetes, the symptoms of hyperglycemia usually appear gradually over a period of days or weeks. In some cases, there may be no symptoms before the blood sugar rises to a very high level.
Some of the symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
- Getting extra thirsty
- Dry mouth for a while
- Frequent urination
- Physical and mental fatigue
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss without effort
- Recurrent infections. Such as: Thrush, Cystitis or Skin Infection
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Smells like sweet fruit on the breath
Since the symptoms of hyperglycemia may indicate diabetes, even if you know you do not have diabetes, you should consult a doctor to be sure if these symptoms do occur. If necessary, you can also take the test.
The reason for the increase in blood sugar levels
Diabetes patients may have elevated blood sugar levels for a variety of reasons. E.g.
- Any illness (eg: cold problem)
- Overeating (e.g. eating three snacks as well as a variety of snacks)
- Do not exercise
- Missing a dose of diabetes medicine or taking the wrong medicine
- Taking certain medications (eg: steroids)
- In case of hypoglycemia due to excessive decrease in blood sugar level , additional treatment is required
Note that hyperglycemia can sometimes occur in growing children and adolescents.
Normal blood sugar levels
Here are two things to look for in a doctor after being diagnosed with diabetes for the first time:
- What is your blood sugar level?
- Sugar needs to be brought down to any level
Blood sugar levels can be monitored regularly at home with the help of a blood sugar meter or glucometer. Or you can go to the hospital every 2-3 months to get tested for diabetes called HbA1c . This test gives an idea about the average blood sugar level and whether the sugar is being controlled. HbA1c levels are generally below 8.5%.
Blood sugar targets are not the same for everyone. However, the following targets are generally considered to be normal blood sugar levels:
- Glucometer: 4 to 6 mmol / liter on an empty stomach and 6.5 to 9 mmol / liter 2 hours after eating.
- HbA1c test: 7.5 percent or below 48 mmol / mole
What happens when blood sugar rises?
The main goal of diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. However, even after taking precautions, diabetic patients may develop hyperglycemia at some stage.
It is very important to diagnose and treat hyperglycemia. If left untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to a variety of complex health problems.
Diabetes patients may have a sudden rise in their blood sugar levels. This is usually not a cause for concern, as mild hyperglycemia can be cured with simple treatment. Sometimes even sugar comes down to normal levels without much effort. However, if the blood sugar level rises too much or stays high for a long time, the consequences can be fatal.
Extreme levels of blood sugar can lead to life-threatening complications. E.g.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis – This condition is caused when the body needs to produce energy by breaking down fats. As a result of breaking down fats, a chemical called ketone body is produced in the body. Excess ketone accumulation can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to diabetic coma. Patients with type 1 diabetes usually have this problem.
- When the blood sugar reaches a very high level, the body tries to get rid of this excess sugar. This process leads to severe dehydration. This condition is more common in patients with type 2 diabetes.
If the blood sugar level is always high from month to month, then there can be permanent damage to different parts of the body. Such as: eyes, nerves or nerves, kidneys and blood vessels – can be damaged for life.
So if you have regular hyperglycemia, seek medical help immediately. Medication and lifestyle changes may be needed to keep blood sugar levels close to healthy levels.
What to do if blood sugar rises
If a diabetic patient develops symptoms of hyperglycemia, the doctor’s advice on controlling blood sugar should be followed. If you do not have a clear idea of what to do, talk to your doctor and make sure you know what to do.
Home Remedies To Reduce Sugar
1. Dietary changes: It may be advisable to avoid foods that raise blood sugar. These foods include cakes, sweets and various sugary drinks.
2. Drinking plenty of water and sugar-free drinks: This will solve the dehydration caused by very high levels of hyperglycemia.
3. Exercise regularly : Even light exercise like regular walking can help control blood sugar. In the case of overweight people, various exercise methods help to lose weight. Weight control will reduce the risk of hyperglycemia.
4. Insulin Dosage Changes: Insulin users may need to change their insulin dosage to control their blood sugar. Specific advice should be sought from the doctor in this regard.
5. Regular monitoring: Diabetics are advised to measure their blood sugar regularly. In addition, ketone tests may be performed on blood or urine to diagnose diabetic ketoacidosis. It is important to keep an eye out for any new symptoms until your blood sugar is under control. Such symptoms may indicate a serious problem
When to seek emergency medical care
In addition to high blood sugar levels, you should contact a doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms occur:
- If nausea or vomiting
- If you have stomach ache and diarrhea
- When breathing becomes deeper and faster
- Fever for more than 24 hours (i.e., if the temperature is above 36 Celsius or 100.4 ° F)
- Symptoms of dehydration (eg: headache, dry skin, rapid and weak heartbeat)
- If you have difficulty falling asleep or being alert
These symptoms may be a sign of serious complications (such as diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state) caused by hyperglycemia. In all these cases, it is necessary to go to the emergency hospital for treatment.
Ways to prevent high blood sugar
It is possible to reduce the risk of severe or long-term hyperglycemia by taking simple steps. E.g.
- Be careful about food and drink. Be especially aware of how extra sugary or sugary foods can affect your blood sugar levels.
- Follow the medical procedure properly. Take regular medication as advised by your doctor and continue taking insulin.
- Try to stay as active as possible from not being in Schwebs. Regular exercise helps control blood sugar levels. However, those who are taking diabetes medication should consult a doctor before starting exercise. This is because heavy exercise or excessive physical activity while taking certain medications can lead to hypoglycemia due to excessive sugar levels due to the effects of the medications.
- Take extra care when you are sick. Doctors may advise you to follow some special advice in controlling blood sugar in case of illness.
Measure your blood sugar regularly . Measure your blood sugar regularly with a glucometer at home. If any change occurs, it can be detected quickly and necessary action can be taken.